Information & Media Literacy

We are living in interesting but increasingly strange times. What was envisioned as the golden age of information is actually more like the age of misinformation where opinions are cheap, everyone is an expert, the level of discourse is low and we are confronted on a daily basis with “fake news” and “alternative facts.”

Tips From TBPL Staff:

  1. Ask questions about where the information is coming from:
    - When was it published or posted?
    - Who put it out there?
    - Can the information be traced back to a credible source?
    - What sort of bias is coming through?
    - Is it based in fact, opinion, or propaganda?
    - Is there any copyright information available?
  2. Consider the relevancy and intended audience (e.g is the information framed in a way to elicit a specific reaction?).
  3. Look for ways in which to validate the information and/or its source(s).
  4. Consider other sides to the argument or additional facts and sources that can provide a fuller understanding of the topic.
  5. Review the evidence provided to support the information and apply the above tips to that as well.
  6. Think critically - fake news is everywhere these days.


To learn more about information and media literacy, check out this @ Your Library blog post written by Angela Meady, Director of Collections at TBPL or some of the resources listed below:

C.R.A.A.P Test  (Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose)

Toronto Public Library - How to Spot Fake News

University of Toronto - Fake News Guide

Western University Libraries - How to Spot Fake News